How Share Buybacks Work

Understanding how share buybacks work for a company

Share buybacks, also known as share repurchases, occur when a company purchases its shares from the market to reduce the number of shares in circulation. It’s misunderstood by many investors, as they don’t know how share buybacks work and why a company would even need to initiate a buyback. They fail to understand that share buybacks can be extremely lucrative for a company when initiated for the right reasons.

They are designed to reward existing shareholders and provide them with more value for their money. When the number of shares in circulation drops, the price per share will increase, and that will mean shareholders will have more profits if they sell those shares in the market. This article will look at share buybacks, including their purpose and whether they are good news for investors.

What Are Share Buybacks?

When a company decides to repurchase its shares, it is known as a share repurchase or a share buyback. There may be several reasons why a company would opt to buy back its shares, which may include the following:

  • It feels the current shares are undervalued
  • It wants to reward existing shareholders
  • It wants to improve key metrics
  • It wants to increase share price

The number of shares in circulation decreases when a company buys back its shares, which will mean fewer shares in the market. The result is an increase in share value or price, and that will mean existing shareholders will have a chance to earn more profit if they sell those shares.

The most common reason for a share buyback is that the company feels its current shares are undervalued in the market. Therefore, it will buy back all of its shares in the market, which will create demand for the shares. When there are fewer shares in the market, it will raise the value of the shares even if it is temporary.

Are Share Repurchases Beneficial?

Share repurchases have been criticized by economists who claim that it is an artificial method for increasing share prices and an accounting trick used by CEOs to boost their earnings per share numbers. However, when done right, share repurchases can be incredibly beneficial to a company. It helps them reduce the number of shares in existence and ensures that the share price doesn’t drop below the margin the company has set.

Even though companies who engage in share buybacks are looked at with skepticism, they are only doing that to survive when you look at the bigger picture. They may be better suited to spend their money on hiring new talent or research and development, but share repurchases also provide them with a solution to their problems.

Effects of Insider Trading on Stocks

Making sense of insider trading as an investor

No one can deny that insider trading in the stock market is illegal, and there are severe penalties for perpetrators. If you are found guilty of trading in the stock market using insider information, you could end up behind bars and face the full force of the law. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has a requirement where every insider needs to disclose their trades, and they must be reported in financial papers.

Investors can then use this information to find clues about various companies and decide which trades they want to make. The simple act of insider trading in the stock market is enough to land you in trouble because using information that isn’t accessible to the other party is a criminal act. There is a lot said about the impact insider trading has on the stock market.

Insider Trading and the Stock Market

It is said to derail confidence in the market and to hurt the stock market in general. However, the stock market can’t get hurt because it isn’t a physical entity. You can’t claim that the market has been a victim of insider trading because it won’t be true. You could say that insider trading affected the price of stocks in the market and hurt the traders who were engaged in the buying and selling of that stock.

The stock market witnesses various trades being made every day, and some of them are bound to be made based on insider information. Verifying trades that have relied on insider information can be difficult because you can’t know that information wasn’t public knowledge beforehand. The price of stocks is generated by supply and demand, so you can’t blame it on insider information.

However, one thing that you can blame insider trading is that it decreases the value of trades made in the stock market. If an investor uses insider information to make trades and profits from them, it will create an unfair advantage. The imbalance will result in the market favoring them over others, which can’t be allowed to stand.

Therefore, it makes sense that insider trading is regulated when trading on the stock market. No individual who has prior knowledge about a company can trade in their stock and gain an advantage over others. That will create a level playing field and ensure that stock market trades are free from any controversy. That is easier said than done, but in the general scheme of things, it is a necessary act that will help keep the playing field level for all traders.

5 Ways to Prevent Insider Trading in Your Company

5 Ways to Prevent Insider Trading in Your Company

There has been plenty of attention given to insider trading, and it has generated a lot of publicity for people who have been guilty of insider trading. No company wants its executives to be accused of insider trading and using non-public information to benefit and enrich themselves. However, the biggest risk that companies are facing today is not malicious intent or greed but negligence.

Most companies can easily prevent insider trades from occurring in the first place if they employ a stable system of checks and balances. These measures will prevent insider trades from happening, and the company won’t face allegations of criminal activity. Therefore, we will share the five best ways to prevent insider trading in your company. Here is what you need to do.

1. Practice Risk-Free Trading

One of the best ways to reduce insider trading in your company is to practice risk-free trading. You can place restrictions on insiders not to trade when the company’s quarterly earnings report is about to be released. It will reduce all instances of insider trading occurring and won’t see insiders placing risky trades. You can also create a list of stocks in which your employees can’t trade at all, which will ensure that your company has nothing to do with insider trading.

2. Keep an Eye on All Insider Trades

You should look at all trades being made by company insiders so that you can determine whether there has been a trade made using insider information. Observing these trades will allow you to manage all trades and keep a check on their employees. You can even employ a third party to check trades made by your corporate insiders to ensure they follow the rules and don’t make trades based on insider information.

3. Educate Your Employees on Insider Trades

It is easy to commit insider trading when you are not aware of the threats and risks. You can diffuse the situation by educating your employees about insider trading and the penalties they stand to suffer. Implement a training program to teach employees how to avoid insider trades and what to do if they come across someone guilty of insider trading.

4. Investigate Insider Trading Quickly

Don’t waste time if you find someone guilty of insider trading. You need to take action yourself before an outside party threatens you with legal action. When you have your house in order and know about insider trading in your company, you can act fast to take action against the culprits. That will also send a strong message out to others that the company won’t tolerate insider trading.

5. Use Technology to Limit Insider Trading

You can also use technology to help limit insider trading in your company. There is plenty of software around to alert you if someone from your company is making insider trades. That will protect your company from insider trades and damaging lawsuits that arise from insider trading activity. Insider Trading Management Systems (ITMS) are designed to help companies notice insider trading and prevent it from occurring in the company.

Share Repurchases and the Associated Risks

Find out about the risks associated with share repurchases

In recent years, share repurchases have skyrocketed as companies prioritize spending their funds on stock buyback programs instead of investing for the future. These share repurchases have become a hot topic, and many lawmakers and politicians are advising against the negative impact of these stock buyback programs. The last decade has seen some of the biggest corporations in the world involve in share repurchases.

These include the likes of Apple, which leads the way with over $10 billion spent in stock buybacks. Companies are spending their revenue on share buybacks to drive up their stock price, but they are also doing so by borrowing money from financial institutions. This has caused great concern among lawmakers who believe that adopting such as approach might be counter-intuitive in the long run.

It places tremendous pressure on corporations to ensure that they maximize their share repurchases. If they are unable to repay the loans they have taken to buy back their stock, it could result in an economic depression, the likes of which haven’t been seen since 2007. While it may seem like a drastic statement, there is some truth involved because companies interested in only share repurchases are missing the bigger picture.

No Scope for the Future

Instead of investing in their resources and training their employees, they spend money on their stocks to inflate their value. That is a short-term goal for companies and will not help them in the longer run. This approach will come back to haunt them in the end, because most companies aren’t equipped to deal with the challenges they will face in the market.

If an organization wants to ensure that its prospects will not be compromised, it must start investing money in the company. The argument by critics today is that companies are using their money to inflate their share prices and reward insiders and investors. They should be worried about investing in new products or hiring new employees instead.

The current market is strange because as the world comes to grips with the pandemic, the stock market is down, and every company’s share prices are suffering as a result. That has forced several corporations to dip into their coffers and invest in stock buyback programs. The strategy is not sustainable, and even though it presents results in the short-term, there is also the risk that it would lead to the kind of financial crisis that the world witnessed in 2008.

There have been calls in the marketplace to develop new laws and regulations that stop companies from repurchasing their shares. What action lawmakers take to put a hold on share repurchases and reduce the risks involved in stock buybacks remains to be seen.

Stock Buybacks: A Mountain or a Molehill?

Find out what is the big deal with stock buybacks and why companies prefer them

There has been a lot said and written about stock buybacks in recent times, especially after the record-breaking numbers that it put up in 2018. The people who support stock buybacks claim that it ensures the company uses its capital prudently and effectively. However, the opponents of stock buybacks claim that it is another example of short-term thinking by corporations.

Nevertheless, the figures don’t lie, and a record $807 billion was spent on stock buybacks in 2018, which was an increase of nearly 56% from the previous year. It captured the imagination of everyone, including investors, political figures, and the media. However, not everyone reported on it favorably, and even though it worked out for some investors, others lost money due to stock buyback programs.

So, the question is whether stock buybacks are a blessing or a curse for the economy? On the one hand, they help a company drive its share value and ensure that they reward its investors. However, it also means that the company has fewer funds to invest in newer products and hiring employees. How does a company achieve growth if it is spending most of its revenue on stock buybacks? There is no simple answer to that question because each company has different prerogatives and goals to achieve.

Making Sense of Stock Buybacks for Companies

The one thing that most people agree upon is that stock buybacks are not a big issue for companies who have the funds to spend on repurchasing their shares. The problem only arises when a company borrows funds from financial institutions and then uses them on stock buyback programs. The critics of stock buybacks claim that this short-term thinking by corporations will hurt the economy, as there will be less focus placed on launching new products in the market.

That will have a ripple effect on the economy, which will slowly stagnate as corporations accumulate debt to finance their stock repurchases. There is no denying that buybacks could be a major threat to the economy. Still, stock buyback supporters claim that the problem is being inflated by political figures painting an apocalyptic picture to gain support.

There is still debate surrounding the real value of stock buybacks, and whether the supporters or critics are right remains to be seen. Currently, investors and corporations are reaping the benefits of stock buybacks, and the recent trend is set to continue well into the 21st century. What the future holds for stock buybacks is anyone’s guess right now.

5 Types of Insider Threats in Financial Organizations

Financial Organizations and the insider threats they face

All organizations face the threat of cyberattacks equally, but financial organizations are the ones that are most vulnerable to cybersecurity threats. The main concern for these organizations is the level of risk they face from insiders in the company. Both internal and external factors may cause security breaches, but insider threats prove to be the most damaging to financial organizations.

This article will cover the five types of insider threats that financial organizations may face, along with measures they can take to protect themselves from major security breaches and cyberattacks. The main motivator for insiders is financial gain or a way to take revenge from the corporation. Whatever the reason, financial organizations must have measures to deal with insider threats and protect their clients and their reputation.

1. Careless Workers

These insiders don’t have malicious intent but tend to pose a risk to financial organizations through their actions. They may inexplicably share valuable information with their friends and family, which puts them in an advantageous position to trade in the market. These individuals may break security protocols without knowing or installing applications unapproved by the business. Their actions can put the entire organization at risk of insider trading or cyberattacks.

2. Insider Agent

These individuals work for a third party and can be part-time or full-time employees. Their motivation is to acquire trade secrets or valuable software or technology from the organization and use that for their benefit. You can stop these insider agents by implementing a system to monitor all activity and restrict access to critical files for authorized personnel only.

3. Third-Party Services

When financial organizations work with third-party services, they risk exposing their valuable technology and information. An individual or a third-party service with the proper motivation can steal that information and use it for their gain. The best way to deal with this threat is to implement a proper system where everything is monitored and any suspicious activity is stopped in its tracks.

4. Disgruntled Employees

These insiders are the most dangerous individuals because they think they have nothing to lose. They may feel let down by the organization and want to exact revenge on the company by stealing valuable information or technology and sharing it with their competitors. They are motivated to work against the company’s best interests and may do serious harm to the financial organization.

5. Malicious Insiders

These insiders are in positions of power and want to use sensitive data and valuable information for their gain. They have access to all the company’s documents and financial reports and can use them to make trades for their benefit in the market. These individuals are the hardest to track for financial organizations since they are generally the company’s most senior officials.

5 Ways to Create Shareholder Value

The different ways you can create value for shareholders

As an organization, you always look for new ways to create value for your shareholders. After all, they are the ones who have invested in company stock, and you want to generate more value for them so that they continue investing. A company that generates shareholder value is also more attractive for new investors. Therefore, you must always be on the lookout for new ways to create shareholder value for your investors.

That is easier said than done, but we will be sharing some of the best ways you can create shareholder value right here. These include the following:

1. Don’t Manage Your Earnings

Corporations that are only looking to generate profit fail to look at the bigger picture, i.e., thinking in terms of their investors’ best interests. You shouldn’t put a limit on your earning potential and not concentrate on investments that generate value. The best thing is not to prioritize short-term gains, as that won’t allow you to maximize shareholder value. Ensure that whatever decision you make regarding your company’s earnings is always in the shareholders’ best interests.

2. Hold Assets that Maximize Value

Companies can generate shareholder value by maximizing their investment in assets that produce long-term results. You should only focus on acquiring assets designed to produce results for your organization as that will improve confidence among shareholders. That will help you in the long run as more investors will think your company is an attractive investment. Not only will that help you attract investors, but it will also help you generate more value for shareholders.

3. Make Strategic Decisions Regarding Your Shares

The best way to create shareholder value is through share buybacks, decreasing the number of shares in the market. It helps to create the earnings per share, and as a result, shareholders get a bigger piece of the pie. Corporations can employ strategic share buyback programs to increase the price of their shares and help generate more value for shareholders in the process. It will maximize share value and ensure that shareholders can earn more profit from their investment.

4. Give Cash to Investors in the Form of Dividends

If you don’t think that share buybacks are the way forward for your organization, you can instead generate shareholder value by giving out cash to investors in the form of dividends. That will help your shareholders have more trust in the organization and ensure that they double their investment. When shareholders are getting rewards from their investments in the form of dividends, they would be more inclined to buy more shares.

5. Reward Your CEOs and Senior Executives

When the organization meets its objectives and raises value for all shareholders, you should reward your CEO and senior executives. Giving them appropriate compensation will increase faith from investors who will maximize their investment in the company. That is one of the best ways to generate shareholder value and confidence among investors.

Are Stock Buybacks a Good Thing or Not?

Find out whether stock buybacks are in your favor or not

When looking at the stock buyback figures, an investor can quickly recognize that the number of companies involved in this practice has increased. You don’t need to look at a business report to recognize that in 2021 the number of stock buybacks by companies has increased tenfold over the last decade. The reasons are simple, companies who have cash on hand realize that the best way to invest is to instigate a stock buyback program.

Nowadays, more companies are interested in stock buybacks than investing in the future. Organizations want to improve their earnings per share and their stock value at the same time while affording their shareholders with maximum returns on their investment. However, there are also critics of stock buybacks who complain that companies inflate their stock values to profit.

There is some truth to those allegations as organizations that want to improve their quarterly earnings, and EPS numbers are looking towards stock buybacks. The question investors must ask themselves is whether the company’s motives are genuine, and should they invest in a company that holds frequent stock buybacks? The answer is double-edged because, on the one hand, stock buybacks increase stock value and earnings per share.

However, on the other hand, they don’t represent the complete picture to investors. A company may only look towards a stock buyback program because it wants to paint a good picture artificially. The company may also be looking to prevent a hostile takeover, so it is trying to buy back its shares. Even small organizations are now jumping on board the bandwagon, and this has caused a familiar debate to resurface, are stock buybacks a good thing or not?

Look Beneath the Surface of Stock Buybacks

The primary concern that investors have with stock buybacks is that an increasing number of companies are shifting away from investing in their future and are only after short-term gains. That is a dangerous path to follow for any organization, as sooner or later, it will come back to haunt them. Therefore, investors must look beneath the surface of buybacks and make up their minds regarding whether stock buybacks hold value for them or not.

Stock buybacks help reduce the number of shares in the market, creating a demand for such shares. That is one way of artificially increasing a company’s stock price, even if the company isn’t in a financially strong position. That presents a challenge for investors since they don’t see the complete picture and, therefore, can’t make a judgment call on whether to invest in that company’s stock.

If you look at the current trend in the marketplace, you will find that almost every other company is involved in stock buybacks these days. The simple fact of the matter is that company’s want to reward their shareholders, and stock buybacks provide them with the best solution.

Pros and Cons of Dividend Stocks Investing

Everything you should know about dividend stocks investing

It is a well-established fact that dividend stock payments offer you one of the best investment options for your portfolio. However, like all investments, it has its pros and cons. You should carefully weigh them before making any investments so that you get a well-balanced portfolio at the end of the day. To make things easier for you, we will be sharing the pros and cons of dividend stocks investing. Here is what you need to know:

Pros of Dividend Stocks Investing

The best part about investing in dividend stocks is that you will get stable returns on your investment for a long time. Hence, many investors are choosing to invest in dividend stocks. Here are some of the pros of dividend stock investing:

  • You get a combination of capital appreciation and steady income from dividend stocks.
  • You can take advantage of higher bank savings from dividend stocks than you would get from U.S. Treasury securities.
  • The stock price is stabilized through dividends, and it ensures the price doesn’t drop when the market conditions aren’t favorable.
  • Companies that offer the best long-term investment options have the highest paying dividend stocks.
  • They are the best choice for retirees since it provides them with stable income and ensures capital appreciation in times of inflation.
  • There are also tax advantages with dividend income. Qualified dividends have lower tax rates, and dividends from stocks in a retirement plan are tax-deferred.

When you look at the many positives, you stand to gain from dividend payouts; it makes sense why you would want to invest in dividend stocks.

Cons of Dividend Stock Investing

Even though dividend stocks provide you with numerous benefits and are great for your investment portfolio, there are times when they can be negative as well. Therefore, we will share the cons of dividend stock investing to give you a better idea. These are as follows:

  • Compared to pure growth stocks, you may not get a lot of capital appreciation from dividend stocks.
  • The payouts from dividends are never guaranteed; if there is a cancellation or reduction of a dividend, the stock price will fall drastically.
  • Dividend stocks fluctuate wildly based on interest rates, and if interest rates increase, the stock price will fall.
  • If you come across a dividend payment that is excessively high, it could mean that the company is about to experience financial trouble.

These were some of the main negatives you could come across when investing in dividend stocks. When you look at the complete picture, the pros outnumber the negatives, which is why dividend stock investing is on the rise these days.

Predicting Stock Performance Using Insider Activity

How to predict stock prices with insider trading

Insider trading activity can be difficult to predict as you need to understand the motivations of insiders when they are trading in company stocks. That makes predicting stock performance using insider activity impossible, but there are ways you can use it to your advantage. The main concern that you must have when predicting stock performance is the number of insiders who are making trades in the market.

When insiders are confident in a stock, they will invest a major chunk of their money into the stock. That will result in more insiders buying the stock, and suddenly, the demand for the stock rises. That demand will then trigger a rise in stock price, and pretty soon, investors will be reaping the benefits of their investment. However, it doesn’t work that way for all stocks, as there are key indicators that determine whether a stock price will rise or fall in the market.

We will share the best ways you can predict stock performance using insider trading activity. You should look at all the various factors in play before investing in any stock, and these tips will help you make profitable stock investments. Here is what you should know:

1. Insiders are Buying in Bulk

If company insiders are buying stock in bulk, it is a strong indicator that they believe the stock price will go up in the future. They have access to the financials of the company and know that there will be a major announcement in the future that will see the stock price rise. Therefore, you must look at which quantity the stock is being bought by insiders. When more insiders are purchasing stock in bulk, it shows you that they are confident the stock will perform well in the coming months.

2. The Company Has Repurchased Shares

Another stock signal that investors can look at is whether the company has repurchased shares recently. That shows the company thinks its stock is undervalued, and most corporate insiders will choose a stock buyback to drive the stock price up. You can learn a lot from a stock buyback as it signals that the company wants to increase its stock price and believes that it is currently trading below value. That places you in a solid position to invest in that company’s stock and benefit from the stock price going up.

3. Top-Level Insiders Are Investing in Stock

When the top-level insiders in a company invest in the company’s stock, it is a good indicator they believe the stock price will increase in the coming months. You can look at which insiders invest in company stock and use that information to predict stock performance in the future. That will place you in a strong position when you want to invest in company stock.